French "Versailles" - a story of blood and tears in a magnificent palace
The Palace of Versailles is located on outskirts of southwest of Paris, France. After more than 400 years of wind, frost, snow and rain, it stands at center of province of Evelyn. It witnessed changes and changes of French feudal era and demonstrated peak of architectural art. , which houses countless treasures and paintings, has become palace of art and royal palace most admired by people of world. How many people over centuries have considered Palace of Versailles a shining gem in gallery of human art. So what holiday can this Palace of Versailles, which is one of five best palaces in world, give us? What artistic atmosphere can be conveyed to Paris? Today, let's keep our eyes on, fly to middle of European continent, enjoy charm of a century-old palace in the small town of Paris and feel how a long river of history flows in it.
When I first saw Palace of Versailles, I was first of all shocked by local traditional architectural structure. This palace, which is more than ten miles from Versailles, does not match European style of most traditional spire in France, and also abandons baroque style commonly used in French palaces. and atmospheric. The flat-roofed buildings are reflected in sparkling artificial river, like patterns in a jade belt, adorning surrounding green trees and grass. The scenery is beautiful and refreshing. This bold innovation in architectural design makes this palace distinctly different from general French palace buildings, surrounded by many spiers and richly decorated in Baroque style, it is unique and is most distinctive palace complex in Paris.
Paris, where Palace of Versailles is located, has a typical temperate maritime climate with mild and rainy weather all year round. When I arrived at Palace of Versailles, there was a rare sunny day here. Warm, but not hot, sun rays from sky flooded square in front of Palace of Versailles. The white sculptures on building and small marble statues were covered in sun, with a thin layer of golden sand, everything was so warm and beautiful. Peaceful and peaceful, Palace of Versailles presents a picture of peaceful years, completely hiding its bloody and cruel history behind it. In fact, Palace of Versailles was built during period of Louis XIV. This cruel feudal monarch was furious when he saw luxurious and magnificent house of his Chancellor of Exchequer, and ordered that he be punished for corruption and dereliction of duty before serving a life sentence in Bastille. Having dealt with this matter, Louis XIV still could not sleep at night, he burned with jealousy, because a simple finance minister lived in a more luxurious house than emperor. Therefore, he arrested all architects and planners who built chancellor's residence and ordered them to build Palace of Versailles according to project of chancellor's residence, which was finally completed after 28 years. Moreover, in large garden of Palace of Versailles there is also a huge fountain with more than 1400 nozzles, more than 200 motors and water pumps that consume more water than all Parisians. Therefore, at that time, many Parisians fell ill due to lack of water, but saving source of water was used as a fountain in royal palace. Since then, French treasury has been empty, people are in distress, peasant uprisings have occurred one after another, feudal-autocratic system has gradually fallen into decay, bourgeois revolution is wandering in dark.
This palace, which witnessed decline of French feudal system and rise of capitalist system, has quietly survived long river of time. It stood for a long time in town of Versailles in Paris as a historical monument. a witness watching change of dynasties in France., tell every visitor here about history and culture of four hundred years ago. Directly in front of Palace of Versailles is a large French-style garden. The various green plants and trees in it have special meanings and standards. They are well built and well organized. The marble road in garden is wide and beautifully decorated, and every five steps there is a small lighthouse in European retro style with a graceful shape. Many sculptures will be placed in grass on both sides of road, which will fill entire garden with an artistic and cultural atmosphere. European garden design is very different from Chinese classical gardens. The design of Chinese classical gardens emphasizes presence of mountains and rivers, and style is clean and direct, emphasizing charm and elegance. In gardens of Palace of Versailles, more attention is paid to geometric forms and symmetrical beauty, and the gardens created are noble, elegant and luxurious.
The architectural style and garden design of Palace of Versailles are of world-renowned artistic value. But furnishings and art collections at Palace of Versailles are even more amazing. The Palace of Versailles has more than five hundred rooms and halls of various sizes and magnificent decorations, including king's bedroom, dining room, study, banquet hall for receiving guests and showrooms for various exhibitions of weapons and horses. The interior of palace is completely decorated in Baroque style, arched roof of palace is covered with huge oil paintings, which were created by designers who were used by Minister of Finance, captured by Louis XIV. past dynasties continued to renovate and add many murals in different styles, but in general they are all masterpieces of Baroque style. Most of murals and blankets are decorated with theme of sun, which is symbol of Louis XIV. It was also favorite painting of many French kings. In addition, decorations on tables, chairs, benches, and walls of colonnade are mainly painted with deer, lions, and various portraits. The execution is extremely fine and meticulous. Even a single small tile is worthy of study and appreciation at palace-level art academy. The interior of palace is replete with bas-reliefs, red tapestries and murals, speaking of red tapestries, one cannot fail to mention Hall of Apollo, where royal throne is located. The place is luxurious and extravagant, walls are covered with red velvet, bordered with silver thread, and exquisite patterns are embroidered on it with gold thread, and floor is completely covered with Persian carpets brought from Middle East, up to royal carpet of Silver Throne, testifying to its extravagance and luxury, is stunning people, and also shows plight of Parisians of that time.
In fact, there are still many anecdotes about Palace of Versailles: although it is magnificent and extravagant, its practicality and residential comfort are greatly reduced due to emphasis on opulent decoration. In such an extravagant royal residence, there is no bathroom, and even king, princess and prince have to pee in urinal in bedroom, which is really dumbfounding. And Louis XV inherited throne after death of his father, so he left Palace of Versailles idle, because in winter it was too cold and there were no effective measures to keep warm. There are countless anecdotes about Palace of Versailles that really make world laugh and sigh. The luxurious and magnificent palace of royal family devastated national treasury, exhausted capricious ideas of several generations of designers, and to complete construction, it sought out a lot of people's fat and ingenuity. Architectural art and garden design are treasure troves of art that have not yet been explored, but this is history of blood and tears of Parisians. The inhabitants of Paris, who lived in feudal era, suffered a lot of torment and pain in difficult conditions, and prosperous and magnificent Palace of Versailles became best witness to history.